John Doulton founded his first pottery in Lambeth, England. The company produced ceramic busts, figurines, canning jars
The first Doulton water filters using various earth and clay materials were introduced.
Queen Victoria recognized the health dangers in her drinking water and commissioned John Doulton to produce a water filter for the Royal household. Doulton created a gravity fed stoneware filter that combined the technology of a ceramic filter with the artistry of a handcrafted pottery water container.
John Doulton’s son, Henry, introduced the Doulton Manganous Carbon water filter, the same year that Louis Pasteur’s experiments on beverage contamination led to the idea that micro-organisms infecting animals and humans cause disease. This more advanced understanding of bacteria led Doulton to direct research and development efforts to the creation of a porous ceramic capable of filtering out these tiny organisms.
King Edward VII knighted Henry Doulton and honored the company by authorizing it to use the word “Royal” in reference to its products. Thereafter, all ceramic products manufactured by the company were called Royal Doulton.
Doulton introduced a filter that proved to be equal to the one Louis Pasteur had developed in France. It was rapidly adopted by hospitals, laboratories and for use in domestic water filtration throughout the world. The range and efficiency of Doulton domestic water filters have been widely extended over the years to meet the demands of increasingly sophisticated uses.
Doulton was taken over by Pearson & Son Ltd.
Pearson group purchased Fairey Holdings
The company changed its name to Fairey Industrial Ceramics Ltd. and acquired the rights to the trademarks Berkefeld (later changed to British Berkefeld). The Berkefeld line of water filters comprised of ceramic filters and gravity water filters.
New Millenium Concepts Ltd (NMCL) entered into an agreement with Fairey to distribute British Berkefeld products in North America.
NMCL trademarked the names BerkeyTM and Big BerkeyTM in the US.
NMCL developed the Black BerkeyTM purification elements, a new generation of filters that are more powerful than any other gravity filter element currently available on the market. Black BerkeyTM elements have been tested with 10,000 times the amount of pathogens required for standard protocol and removed 100% of the pathogens (tested under an electron microscope), setting a new standard in water purification. (See Berkey Lab Test Results)